hyper pigmentation

Hyper Pigmentation



What is Pigmentation?

Pigmentation can be described as the strange lightening (hypopigmentation) or blackening (hyperpigmentation) of the skin. The skin comprises cells called melanocytes that are responsible for creating melanin, the brown skin coloring pigment of the epidermis, and when these melanocytes are either absurdly dispersed or odd, it leads to pigmentation glitches.

What are the causes of pigmentation?

At some or the other stage in life, we all experience pigmentation issues that appear no matter what the skin color or ethnicity is. The skin would either become darker or lighter compared to normal in some parts. This mainly occurs because the skin produces either too little or too much melanin. Melanocytes are responsible for producing melanin and refer to the pigment color of your skin. Along with the hormones and exposure to the sun, hyperpigmentation can happen by the impairment of skin, like in the case of scars. Yet again, the condition is highly prevalent in people who have dark skin tones. The main reason for darkened skin areas, zones of discoloration, or brown spots is unprotected exposure to the sun. reasons include trauma, UVR exposure, hormonal, medicines or chemical substance and deficiency of Vitamin A and C, and scarcities and fatty acids. Other reasons for this skin condition are hasty skin diseases like psoriasis, dermatitis, and eczema.

hyper pigmentation

Some conditions trigger skin concerns and issues that can have a permanent or lasting impact on the appearance and skin. Melasma, pigmentation, and severe acne are some such problems and they adversely affect the confidence and self-esteem of a person. However, with the advancement in the cosmetic branch of medicine, it is possible to treat these conditions and restore youthful appearance along with self-confidence.

Melasma

The appearance of brown spots or darkening of the skin is called Melasma. The condition is common among women and occurs during pregnancy. Skin areas that are exposed to the sun get tanned and patchy. Hormonal changes such as thyroid disorders, stress, and hereditary factors might also cause melasma. The tarnished and tanned skin appears unseemly and when the condition appears on the fact, the overall look changes.

Pigmentation Treatment Methods

With the advancement in the cosmetic branch of medicine, it has become possible for doctors and cosmetic surgeons to find effective solutions for skin concerns and problems that could have caused permanent skin damage in the past. As the source of the pigmentation is known that is the malfunction of the melanocytes, both pigmentation and Melasma are treatable. Here are some of the treatment methods to treat these conditions.

  • Microdermabrasion – This method makes use of a device called sandblaster that sprays crystals on the skin. The sanding aims at removing the dead layer of the skin thus rejuvenating it. It is a non-invasive and simple procedure that lessens the appearance of melasma and pigmentation over a few sessions.
  • Chemical Peels – A chemical solution that contains alpha hydroxy acid (AHA), phenol, or trichloroacetic acid (TCA) is applied to the damaged skin. It helps in replacing the outermost damaged layer of the skin and newer layers take their place making the skin clear and smooth.
  • Chemical Peels – A chemical solution that contains alpha hydroxy acid (AHA), phenol, or trichloroacetic acid (TCA) is applied to the damaged skin. It helps in replacing the outermost damaged layer of the skin and newer lay

The doctor helps in deciding on the treatment method. The choice of procedure entirely depends on the severity of the condition, type of the skin, and the evaluation of the skin. An experienced and trained cosmetic surgeon makes use of the innovative and latest procedures so that you can get the best results.

Is there any kind of discomfort and pain during the treatment procedure?

The effectiveness of the pigmentation treatment speaks volumes about its popularity. However, there is no discomfort and pain that you will experience with the treatment. You might feel some burning sensation or tingle on the treated area however that is temporary.

How many sessions are needed for treating pigmentation?

When it comes to the number of sittings needed for treating pigmentation, it entirely depends on the severity of the condition. Usually, three sessions are required for removing shallow pigments. Deep pigments need more sessions based on layers of the epidermis the pigments penetrate.